Responsible to the death of at least 4521 people and the injury of 9655.
1978 – Battalion 50 (parachuted NAHAL): Operation Litani. There were 1100-2000 casualties in this invasion. Operation Litani is a military code name for an operation during which the IDF invaded south Lebanon and occupied extensive territories all the way to the Litani river for three months. The ostensible aim of this operation was to strike the infrastructure of the
Palestinian resistance organizations (mostly the PLO) and distance them from Israel’s northern border. The Israeli air force, navy, parachuters and artillery corps took active part in this operation, occupied extensive territories in south Lebanon and caused the mass uprooting of about 200,000 refugees who fled north to Beirut. In addition, there were Palestinian and Lebanese combatant and civilian casualties and there are at least two known cases of torture and killing of POWs.
For more information:
1980 – Lieutenant Commander, Parachuters company, Operation Blood Man. Operation Blood Man took place on June 29 and 30 1980, during which the parachuters raided a base of one resistance movement that succeeded to carry out an attack within Israel. In those two days, the parachuters attacked structures that, according to intelligence, housed resistance fighters, killers them and an unclear number of civilians.
1982 – Commander, Parachuters company, West Beirut, Sabra and Shatila Massacre. Confirmed fatalities: 800. The Sabra and Shatila massacre is shorthand for indiscriminate mass acts of murder committed by Christian phalangists in hundreds of civilians in Sabra, Shatila and Burj al-Barajneh refugee camps and al-Fakhani quarter in west Beirut with the full knowledge and assent of IDF officers present in the field. The phalangists entered the camps as part of IDF takeover of west Beirut.
For more information:
1994 – Commander, Hebron Brigade, West Bank Division.
The killing of seven Palestinian protesters after the Ibrahimi Mosque massacre. On the Jewish holiday of Purim, Baruch Goldtein, a medical doctor (reserve), entered a prayer hall at the mosque and shot to death 29 Muslim worshippers with a rifle he owned. Following the massacre, hundreds of Palestinians rushed to the hospital, and congregated there. Spontaneous protesters were shot by the soldiers. Fearing eruption of further violence in vengeance, the brigade’s commander imposed a curfew on the Palestinian residents of Hebron. (full report is downloadable from Betselem website)
Severe collective punishment – extended curfew.
Failing to provide adequate protection to Palestinians from violent settlers.
2000-2001 – Commander of West Bank Division.
The Second Intifada. Confirmed Palestinian deaths during his commission: 161, including 46 minors, one female and 4 foreign nationals. The Second Intifada is shorthand for the Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation that erupted in late September 2000, first as a popular movement, and then evolved into guerilla fighting and attacks within Israel. The brutal Israeli response resulted in further escalation of the violence. During the years of confrontation thousands of Palestinians were killed as a result of IDF usage of methods of urban warfare and periodic occupation of territories. In addition, Palestinian freedom of movement was limited in unprecedented extent, by imposing curfews and closures that created enormous economic hardships and severe humanitarian crisis in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
For more information (Hebrew):
Limiting civilian freedom of movement – curfews, closures.
Withholding medical treatment.
Arrests – including nighttime, minors and administrative detention.
2005-2006 – commander of army corps.
2006 – Second Lebanon War. Confirmed Lebanese fatalities 1123, 4409 injured. The second Lebanon war is shorthand for to an extensive military operation led by IDF in Lebanon in July and August 2006 in response to the capture of two Israeli soldiers. The purpose of this operation was to distance Hizbullah bases from Israel’s northern border and limit or even eliminate the launching of rockets into Israel’s territory. During the fighting IDF infantry forces invaded Lebanon all the way to the Litani River, while the Israeli air force bombarded residential areas and Lebanese infrastructure. The result was thousands of casualties in addition to extensive destruction and severe damage to Lebanese economy.
Data about Lebanese casualties can be found in the following links:
2011 – present – Chief of General Staff.
Palestinian fatalities (before operation Pillar or Defense): 169, including 18 children, 3 women and 2 protesters. Injured: 4246.
Operation “Pillar of Defense.” Confirmed Palestinian fatalities: 160 (including 105 civilians), including 34 children, 13 women and 3 journalists. 1000 injured. “Pillar of Defense” was a military offensive in the Gaza strip that lasted a week in November 2012. This operation, ostensibly to limit or eliminate Hamas’ ability to launch rockets into southern Israel, began with the targeted assasination of Ahmed Ja’bari, chief commander of the al-Qassam brigades. During this offensive Israel shelled structures or areas considered part of the military infrastructure of Hamas and the Islamic Jihad. Israeli bombardments also hit residential areas and resulted in high civilian casualties.
Data about casualties can be found here:
Targeted assasinations: 91 (OCHA).
Testimony: Sarah Abu Khusa, al-Bureij refugee camp, Gaza
Yesterday, 18 November 2012, around 7:40 am, three of my grandchildren – Suhaib and Sarah, both four years old, and Iyad, a year and a half old – were playing in the yard in front of the house, within the compound.
Suddenly, a powerful explosion was heard near the house. We all ran out to see what had happened. I was in shock when I discovered that a missile [sic] had fallen right next to the wall surrounding the compound and destroyed it. I saw my grandson Iyad lying dead on the ground. He had been hit by shrapnel from the shell. My other grandson, Suhaib, was lying next to him but he was moving. Also my granddaughter Sarah was lying on the ground. I called an ambulance immediately. I picked up Iyad. We stood there crying for help. The ambulance came quickly. My sons helped put the three small children into the ambulance, which raced off to a-Shifaa hospital in Gaza City. Iyad was pronounced dead at the hospital.
Suhaib and Sarah were hospitalized in intensive care because of their serious injuries. Shrapnel from the shell hit them in the head and legs. I am sitting with them now, hoping they will survive. I am very sad because of Iyad, whom I lost. He wasn’t to blame for what happened to him.
I don’t know why the Israeli planes targeted our house. I didn’t see anything out of the ordinary near the house before the bombing.”